Oyungezer Okulu/İngilizce Sınıfı
SnakeSnake
Üye
geride kalmasın.

@fortun

ikinci mesajının bir kısmını çevirdim. geriye kalanı da çevirmeye devam edicem. akşama bitmiş olur. uzun zamandır yapmamıştım çeviri biraz başım ağrıdı. :) çeviriyi tamamladığımda bu mesajı güncellerim.

sonunda tamamladım. kusura bakma fortun, biraz geciktirdim. dediğim gibi uzun zamandır çeviri yapmamıştım, hamlamışım biraz. :D umarım işini görür.

The Impact of Tourism on Employment

That tourism sector is a labour intensive sector and it’s constitutional features, lead to that it’s different from other sectors. In tourism sector, mechanization and automation is pretty limited except for some usage of computer systems. That’s why when tourism, as the labour intensive production is dominating the sector, creates direct employment effect at high rate, also creates employment effect by providing employment opportunity to other supplier and panderer side sectors. In an economy, diversity and integration is a factor that increases the number of created indirect employment. 34
There are three kind of employment, in a country economy and tourism sector. These are:
1. The direct employment, due to the tourist expense in facilities likewise hotel, motel, restaurant which included in the tourism sector,
2. The indirect employment, that arise in other sectors, which add inputs to the sector, take part in the supply section of the tourism sector, but not ensue by the touristic expenses,
3. The supplementary employment or stimulated employment that arise through the expense of the gained income by the local community and in some sort by the effects of tourism multiplier.

The employment effect of the tourism expenses, is up to the density of toursim demand. In other words, the more touristic demand to a country or a region increases, the more the direct or indirect employment effect of tourism in that country or region will be. In short, the increase of employment shows paralleism with supply increase. To supply the increase in tourism supply, is possible by increase of the touristic facility investments. As the touristic facility investments increase the labor demand, the labor demand of the touristic facilities will increase in dense seasons due to the feature of supply’s seasonal fluctuation. Despite the labor power decreases in off season, still there will be a permanency. 37
It’s possible to sort the major results of employment in tourism sector:
* The seasonality feature of tourism, increasing the number of employed staff in dense season, is a positive contribution in terms of national economy, but the unemployment of the staff in off season which employed in the season, will create a full employment surplus in the economy. To subdue this negative effect of tourism, the employment of student or leisured people in tourism season, is seen as a solution.
* Establishments like hotel, motel, which have the greatest business opportunities in tourism sector, are corporations, need big investments. However, side facilities which need less start-up cost don’t need big investments. This is an intimidating situation for entrepreneurs. The state should reinforce this sector in order to create new more area of employment in tourism sector.

The Impact of Tourism on Infrastructure

In order to be opened to tourism of a country or a region, its infrastructure, transportation and local services should have been completed. Especially in developing countries, the development of tourims shows parallelism with the development of infrastructure. Economically, infrastructure operations are nonvisual services as well as they’re performed by public sector in order to both development of economy and public’s benefit. Usually its accepted as a principle that infrastructure is performed by public and superstructure is by private sector. 48
The infrastructure utilities that act an important part in development of tourism and also intended to supply with local community, with their relation with tourism can be sort as following:
1. Energy Resources: One of the primarily set infrasructure systems that should be in a touristic region.
2. Water: One of the other important elemnt of infrastructure. If its considered that the daily water consumption of tourist is minimum 250 lt. the importance of the possibility of water and the water distribution system in the touristic region can be understood.
3. Transportation: Is one of the most important element of the touristic product. No matter how a region is convenient in touristic perspective, if its transportation utilities are insufficient its to hard the development of tourism in this region.

Due to its dependance to so many industry sectors, the tourism sector is a sector that creates energiser and gripping effects, should it be developed. Depending on the qualification and size of the tourism demand, putting new and various infrastructure investments, building-up existing ones, increasing the agricultural and industrial production, recovering communication and transportation systems, efficiency gaining of the trade and service businesses, are expected developments depending on the development of tourism.
In Turkey, infrastructure and urbanization are important issues. Electricity, route, water, deficiency of drain, corrosion and pollution of natural habitat, breed of the slums, water and air pollution, traffic, cleanliness problem are preventing the development of tourism services. The solution of al this problems is; depending on fulfilling an integrated, long tourism planning which protects environment and natural balance, prevents concretion, completes the infrastructure and takes the nation’s local, cultural, social etc. aspects together.
urkish tourism has different problems. If we take glance to these; today in Turkish tourism, it is obvious that especially marketing, promotion, presentation problems are primarily problms. Primarily, Turkey should make the tourism presentation a current issue in macro level. The image represents Turkey should be developed properly and then must be determined what kind of a customer profile that it suits and the identification of the service should be defined properly. To this service, a proper systems configuration should be well organised, a coordination shoul be set-up between public and private sector, required financial arrangement should be well determined, national and international instruments which take part in presentation and presentation organisations should be well chosen.

gnum
Üye
fce'ye giren var mı? bu cmt varmış da gircem
manager
Üye
Ekim'in 1'inde İngilizce kursum başlayacak. Forumdan Julianne 2 tane sözlük almamış söyledi. Biri İngilizce - İngilizce, diğeri İngilizce - Türkçe - Türkçe - İngilizce olsun demişti. Sizce hangi yayın evlerinin yada hangi markaların sözlüklerini almalıyım?
Nuvole BiancheNuvole Bianche
Üye
Aylardır hiç mesaj girilmemiş bi konuyu hortlatmanın dayanılmaz hafifliği... Neyse, şu yazdığım paragraf anlam bütünlüğü ve grammer açısından düzgün müdür, bi bakar mısınız?

"This report covers the feasibility of manufacturing of the polystyrene which consists of market analysis, selection of plant location, capacity determination and process selection. The aim of this project is to satisfy the demand of Turkey’s polystyrene need in addition to realizing an investment project which will be contributed the country’s economy and provided employment in the region."
TodzaTodza
Üye

Aylardır hiç mesaj girilmemiş bi konuyu hortlatmanın dayanılmaz hafifliği... Neyse, şu yazdığım paragraf anlam bütünlüğü ve grammer açısından düzgün müdür, bi bakar mısınız?

"This report covers the feasibility of manufacturing of the polystyrene which consists of market analysis, selection of plant location, capacity determination and process selection. The aim of this project is to satisfy the demand of Turkey’s polystyrene need in addition to realizing an investment project which will be contributed the country’s economy and provided employment in the region."




This report covers the feasibility of polystyrene manufacturing, which consists of market analysis, selection of plant location, capacity determination and process selection. The aim of this project is to satisfy the demand of Turkey’s polystyrene need in addition to carrying an investment project out, which will contribute to the country’s economy and provide employment in the region.


Bir kaç değişiklik yaptım, Projenin gerçekleştirilmesi demek istiyorsan realize olmaz, "farkına varmak" anlamında kullanılır daha ziyade, "carry out" koydum onun yerine. İlk cümlede de arka arkaya "of" kullanmak garip olmuş, kelime tekrarı hoş değildir genel olarak, onu değiştirdim.
Nuvole BiancheNuvole Bianche
Üye
Evet, projenin uygulanması, gerçekleştirilmesi demek istemiştim ve tam da orası gözümü tırmalıyordu. Gerekli düzeltmeleri yapıyorum şimdi, teşekkürler.
deathly hallowdeathly hallow
Üye
to realizing ->to realise, ->realising
This report covers manufacturing polystrene feasibility which consist of market analysis... diye olması lazım sanırım. Öteki türlü zorlama oldu gibi. Ben de yanılıyor olabilirim.

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Düzeltilmiş bile :P
TodzaTodza
Üye

to realizing ->to realise, ->realising
This report covers manufacturing polystrene feasibility which consist of market analysis... diye olması lazım sanırım. Öteki türlü zorlama oldu gibi. Ben de yanılıyor olabilirim.

--

Düzeltilmiş bile :P



Böyle dersen fizibilite raporunun üretimini yapmış olursun ve bu fizibilite üretimi market analizi içerir :lol: Kafan karışmış abi senin :lol:
deathly hallowdeathly hallow
Üye
Ahahah, komedi olmuş =D
Nuvole BiancheNuvole Bianche
Üye
Beyler yazdığım şu yazıyı bi yorumlamanızı istesem, hafif acil de.
"This report includes general properties of the polystyrene, market analysis which contains world export and import data of polystyrene. In addition, production and consumption values of the world and Turkey were given. This information was required for the selection of the capacity for project.
Region by region and factory by factory the total world production of polystyrene was found. Considering the amount of all of these production and consumption, the production capacity of the plant was determined as 220,000 tons/year.
The production method for polystyrene was chosen as “Suspension Polymerization of Styrene” because of its advantages comparing with the other methods such as better dissipation of the heat of reaction, low conversion cost and high quality of the product. Also it is a common method to produce general purpose polystyrene for most of companies. The profit margin calculations were done for this process and high profit margin was found as $0,63/ kg polystyrene. Also, as a result of our researches, the overall conversion of suspension polymerization process is nearly 97,1%. All of these results were evaluated; “Suspension Polymerization of Styrene” was chosen the best manufacturing method for the plant because of its high yield and profit margin.
This process is briefly as follows; styrene and water are used as raw materials, catalyst, suspending agent and stabilizer are added as additives, then polymerization occurs in the reactor, and finally, with removal of additives and water by a set of separation operations, end product is obtained.
Şanlıurfa is selected as the plant location due to the investment incentives provided by the government and proximity to the port of Iskenderun.
To sum up, investigations were done for the designing of the plant and the detailed report for the feasibility of polystyrene manufacturing plant was formed."
discussioncontroller